Closing the Gap in High-Risk Pregnancy Care Using Machine Learning and Human-AI Collaboration


AI powered code-recommendation systems, such as Copilot and CodeWhisperer, provide code suggestions inside a progHealth insurers often use algorithms to identify members who would benefit from care and condition management programs, which provide personalized, high-touch clinical support. Timely, accurate, and seamless integration between algorithmic identification and clinical intervention depends on effective collaboration between the system designers and nurse care managers. We focus on a high-risk pregnancy (HRP) program designed to reduce the likelihood of adverse prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal events and describe how we overcome three challenges of HRP programs as articulated by nurse care managers; (1) early detection of pregnancy, (2) accurate identification of impactable high-risk members, and (3) provision of explainable indicators to supplement predictions. We propose a novel algorithm for pregnancy identification that identifies pregnancies 57 days earlier than previous code-based models in a retrospective study. We then build a model to predict impactable pregnancy complications that achieves an AUROC of 0.760. Models for pregnancy identification and complications are then integrated into a proposed user interface. In a set of user studies, we collected quantitative and qualitative feedback from nurses on the utility of the predictions combined with clinical information driving the predictions on triaging members for the HRP program.